A whole milk substitute can feel like divine intervention when you’ve started cooking and realize you don’t have the right ingredients.
You might be scratching your head, wondering, “What can I use instead of whole milk?” The good news is that trusted whole milk substitutes exist. And you probably already have at least one in your refrigerator.
What is Whole Milk?
Whole milk is a cow’s milk with many vitamins, including calcium and vitamin D. Whole milk contains 3.25% fat. Reduced fat milks, such as skim, low-fat milk, or 2%, have had fat skimmed from the product.
Whole milk is a popular option for cooking and baking because it offers a full flavor. The flavor comes from the higher fat content, which aids in creating tasty dishes. Many people also enjoy whole milk as it is comparable to what naturally comes from a cow, but you can use a whole milk substitute in cooking.
Dairy-Based Whole Milk Substitute
Cow’s milk can be purchased in many forms, even though the milk fat content differs. If you’re looking for a dairy-based whole milk substitute, you have plenty of options! To get the best results for your recipes, try one of these:
Perhaps the closest to whole milk, 2% can help you out in a pinch. As a whole milk substitute, you can use 2% the same as whole milk. While there is slightly less fat, the taste of this dairy milk will be similar to what you want.
Heavy cream is a great substitute, although you shouldn’t use the product the same way as whole milk. Because heavy cream is so thick, it is best to water it down to get the right consistency.
As a rule of thumb, use 1 part heavy cream and 1 part water to equal the measurement for your sauces and other recipes.
Whipping cream is not typically the best substitute for whole milk due to its much higher fat content. While it can be used in a pinch, it will result in a much richer and creamier end product, potentially overpowering other flavors or altering the texture of your recipe. If you need to use whipping cream as a substitute, consider diluting it with water — for each cup of whole milk required, use 1/3 cup of whipping cream and 2/3 cup of water. This mix won’t entirely replicate the nutritional profile of whole milk but can be a useful replacement in baking or cooking where the texture and richness are critical.
Half and Half
Half and half is equal parts of whole milk and heavy cream, which makes this substitute ideal! Since it is a bit thicker than whole milk, you may want to cut it with a 1:3 ratio of water to half and half. If you skip the water, your result will still turn out delicious!
You may be surprised to learn that you can use yogurt as a whole milk substitute. Despite yogurt’s thick texture, you can use it instead of whole milk without altering it. Though you might find the sugars in plain yogurt varieties (including Greek yogurt) add extra browning to baked goods, the taste will not suffer.
Some professionals add water to sour cream to use it as a whole milk substitute. Though subbing it in its original state can add some creaminess to your dishes. When your recipe calls for 1 cup of whole milk, try 1 cup of sour cream instead. When it comes to dairy substitutes, you might be surprised at the outcome.
Non-Dairy Options for Whole Milk Substitute
Modern-day allergies have brought a new kind of milk substitute to the shelves. Many non-dairy milks can be fantastic as a whole milk substitute. And the difference may be slight. Even if a milk allergy is not a concern, try these great options for your cooking:
Oat milk offers a creamy texture more than most non-dairy milks, but it does not have the fat content of whole milk. It can provide an excellent flavor to dishes and baked goods. If you have this non-dairy alternative available, give it a try.
Soy milk is a protein-rich product you can swap when whole milk is unavailable. It is another thick dairy-free option and has only a slightly different taste. As a result, soy milk can help you get similar flavors to whole milk.
Another popular option is almond milk. The nutty flavor may come through in cooking, and the dish’s consistency may change slightly. Despite the change, almond milk is a decent whole milk substitute, especially for those avoiding lactose.
Canned Coconut Milk
Canned coconut milk can bring a new flavor to your dishes. It is important to remember that there is a subtle coconut flavor, so be wary of which dishes you choose to use it in. This whole milk substitute is adequate when you have no other options.
Hemp milk can be an excellent substitute for whole milk, especially for those looking for a dairy-free or plant-based alternative. It’s high in healthy fats and plant protein and has a mild, nutty flavor. To use hemp milk as a replacement, simply use the same amount that your recipe calls for whole milk. Its distinctive flavor can influence the taste of your dishes, however. Hemp milk is best in smoothies, cereal, and baked goods due to its creaminess and unique flavor profile. It is, however, not a great substitute for recipes that need a high fat content.
Pea milk can be a good substitute for whole milk in many contexts. It’s a non-dairy, plant-based milk option that’s high in protein and low in sugar, providing a nutritious alternative. Its flavor and consistency, however, can differ from cow’s milk, so it might affect the taste and texture of some recipes.
Substituting water for whole milk is the last resort, but it will work in recipes that call for a quarter cup or less. If a recipe requires more milk, it is best to avoid using water.
The Best Whole Milk Substitute: The Winner!
2% milk is often regarded as the best substitute for whole milk due to its similar composition and taste. While whole milk has 3.25% milk fat, 2% milk, as the name suggests, contains 2% milk fat. This minor difference in fat content results in a slightly less rich product, but it’s often not enough to significantly alter the taste or texture of your dishes. Moreover, 2% milk can be used as a 1:1 replacement for whole milk, making it a convenient and straightforward substitute in recipes. Whether it’s for baking, cooking, or drinking, 2% milk provides a nearly identical, slightly lighter alternative to whole milk.
What Can I Use Instead of Whole Milk in Baking?
The dairy and non-dairy alternatives listed would be adequate for any baked recipe. Powdered or evaporated milks are also great whole milk substitutes for baking. If you reconstitute the powdered milk before use, you can use it just like regular liquid milk.
Evaporated milk is another option to use while baking and has the added benefit of a long shelf life. 60% of its water is removed to create this canned milk. To use in baking, combine 1 part evaporated milk with 1 part water.
Can I Combine Skim Milk and Cream?
To create a whole milk substitute out of skim milk and cream, you’ll want to add 1 ½ tablespoons of heavy cream to 1 cup of skim milk. Mixing these two kinds of milk together can create a similar fat content to store-bought whole milk. Another option would be to add a tablespoon of butter to skim milk.
Whole Milk Substitute FAQs
What can I substitute for whole milk?
There are various substitutes for whole milk based on your dietary needs and the specific recipe. Common substitutes include 2% milk, skim milk, lactose-free milk, and plant-based alternatives like soy milk, almond milk, oat milk, and pea milk. For a richer, dairy-based alternative, you can also use a mixture of half-and-half or whipping cream diluted with water.
What is the substitution of 1 cup of whole milk?
If you’re substituting 1 cup of whole milk, you can use 1 cup of your preferred milk substitute. This could be 1 cup of 2% milk, 1 cup of soy milk, or a combination of whipping cream and water if you’re looking for a richer alternative.
What can I substitute for half a cup of whole milk?
Similar to the above, for half a cup of whole milk, you can use half a cup of any of the suggested milk substitutes such as 2% milk, soy milk, or a diluted mix of half-and-half or whipping cream.
How do you make whole milk from 1 percent butter?
To approximate the fat content of whole milk when you only have 1% milk and butter, you can add 1 tablespoon of melted unsalted butter to every cup of 1% milk. This will not perfectly mimic the nutritional content or flavor of whole milk, but it can provide a similar fat content for cooking and baking purposes.
Whole Milk Substitute Options
DAIRY-BASED WHOLE MILK SUBSTITUTES
- 2% Milk
- Heavy Cream
- Half And Half
- Sour Cream
NON-DAIRY WHOLE MILK SUBSTITUTES
- Oat Milk
- Pea Milk
- Hemp Milk
- Canned Coconut Milk
- Soy Milk
- Almond Milk
- Pick a substitute.
- Gather ingredients.
- Cook recipe and enjoy!
Savory Recipes Using Whole Milk (or a substitute)
So now that you’re a pro in picking what whole milk substitute to use when, here are some our our favorite recipes in which to use whole milk, or an substitute:
Desserts Recipes Using Whole Milk (or a substitute)
Cooking and baking without whole milk are not only possible, but they can also be creative. Spend some time trying different milks with varying soups, savory dishes, and other meals. See what kinds of flavors you come up with. Baking with varying kinds of milk can be exciting, too!
If you’ve never tried other milks before, now’s the time. You might be surprised that whole milk substitutes can pack a punch of flavor. Discover a new favorite whole milk substitute, and it might become your go-to recipe.
Have questions or suggestions about whole milk substitutes? Leave them in the comments below.